In the preceding version of Coaching Suggestions for Ships we talked over the option of media for studying components and which media would direct to the best outcomes. Is it text? Images? Movies? Interactive physical exercises and simulations? All also normally it is claimed that interactive media with extravagant (and high priced) graphics will generate superior understanding outcomes. The truth is not almost so basic. So, how do we decide on? It is not hard.
The to start with issue we need to be asking is not one of media choice, but rather is just one of mastering results. Do we want the trainee to internalize some knowledge or a idea? Or is it techniques or reasoning we are hoping to impart? These are incredibly distinctive finding out goals and various media styles will better aid some objectives than many others. Let’s seem at these in a little bit much more element.
There are quite a few means to categorize mastering ambitions, but for our functions I have damaged it into the adhering to four simple types:
- Assimilation of know-how. Right here we merely have some data that the trainee requirements to know. For case in point – what is the draught of the vessel?
- Comprehend a principle. Right here we are hoping to train how something performs. This goes beyond a checklist of information to produce an comprehending of how, for illustration, a piece of equipment operates.
- Be in a position to execute a undertaking. Right here we are making an attempt to teach the means to get something performed, safely and securely and effectively. Illustrations may well be to launch a rescue craft or acquire a sounding.
- Be able to motive and make choices. Below we are planning the trainee to make decisions and accomplish actions in reaction to novel scenarios.
Provided any training we wish to do, we initially have to have to choose which of these categories the teaching suits into. Let’s consider donning a hearth accommodate as 1 example. Which of the over applies in this article? Whilst it could be argued that instructing this competency involves the accomplishment of all four studying targets, they are not weighed equally. In this case:
- There is a fair amount of money of expertise to understand – what the factors of the fire go well with are, wherever they are saved, how they suit alongside one another, and so forth.
- There is a modest little bit of conceptual knowledge essential – such as how the match safeguards against heat.
- The potential to execute the job (don the suit) is central, arguably equivalent in importance to the knowledge of the elements of the hearth fit.
- And last but not least, getting equipped to motive is not a huge requirement of donning a hearth fit. Certainly, there could be issues encountered even though donning or applying a go well with which consider some reasoning to take care of but are unlikely the key sought after outcome.
On the lookout earlier mentioned, it appears to be the principal understanding targets for donning a fire match can securely be viewed as to be “Knowledge assimilation” and “Task performance”. You can use the same system to get a normal notion of the major discovering aims for any competency.
After we have an understanding of these studying results, the job of matching media to the results is fairly straightforward if we comprehend the strengths and constraints of every single. In reality, reported a minimal differently, for just about every of these understanding results there are educating techniques (or pedagogies as it is the right way referred to) that will have strengths or restrictions in reaching the desired results, and in a lot of cases the preference of media is a immediate end result of the pedagogy picked.
But for our uses we will simplify a bit and glance at how media selections match up to their sought after learning outcomes. This will be the subject matter for the upcoming edition of Instruction Recommendations for Ships.
Till then, thank you for reading and sail safely!